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Equilibrium structure of ferrofluid aggregates

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Yoon,  Mina
Theory, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Yoon, M., & Tománek, D. (2010). Equilibrium structure of ferrofluid aggregates. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 22, 455105-1-455105-6. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/22/45/455105.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-F4D6-4
Abstract
We study the equilibrium structure of large but finite aggregates of magnetic dipoles, representing a colloidal suspension of magnetite particles in a ferrofluid. With increasing system size, the structural motif evolves from chains and rings to multi-chain and multi-ring assemblies. Very large systems form single- and multi-wall coils, tubes and scrolls. These structural changes result from a competition between various energy terms, which can be approximated analytically within a continuum model. We also study the effect of external parameters such as magnetic field on the relative stability of these structures. Our results may give insight into experimental data obtained during solidification of ferrofluid aggregates at temperatures where thermal fluctuations become negligible in comparison to inter-particle interactions. These data may also help to experimentally control the aggregation of magnetic particles.