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Activation of dihydrogen on supported and unsupported silver catalysts

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Hohmeyer,  Jens
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Kröhnert,  Jutta
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Jentoft,  Friederike C.
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Hohmeyer, J., Kondratenko, E., Bron, M., Kröhnert, J., Jentoft, F. C., Schlögl, R., et al. (2010). Activation of dihydrogen on supported and unsupported silver catalysts. Journal of Catalysis, 269(1), 5-14. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2009.10.008.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-F6B7-D
Abstract
The activation of dihydrogen on silica, silver, and silica-supported silver (9 wt% Ag) was investigated. Both, silica and silver are individually able to dissociate dihydrogen. Silanol groups on silica undergo H→D exchange at 393 K in D2 as detected by IR spectroscopy. HD is observed in temporal analysis of products (TAP) experiments when H2 and D2 are sequentially pulsed on silver at 673 K; even when the time delay between the isotopes is 4 s, HD is formed, indicating that long-lived surface hydrogen species are present. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) shows that the activation of dihydrogen is an activated process: heat signals evoked through H2 pulses on Ag/SiO2 grow with increasing temperature (373-523 K). Nonetheless, the presence of silver on the silica surface accelerates the Si-OH→Si-OD exchange. Investigation of the exchange kinetics on Ag/SiO2 shows that diffusion processes of activated hydrogen species are rate-determining at higher temperatures (≥ 373 K), when activation of D2 on silver becomes facile. Indications of diffusion limitation are observed already at 313 K on Pt/SiO2. TAP and DSC measurements show that H2 is more readily activated on silver that has been treated in O2 at 673 K followed by reduction in H2 at 673 K. Morphological changes induced to the silver surfaces or (sub)surface oxygen species are presumed responsible for this effect.