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Journal Article

Vibronic coupling in indole: I. Theoretical description of the ¹La-¹Lb interaction and the electronic spectrum


Küpper,  Jochen
Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Brand, C., Küpper, J., Pratt, D. W., Meerts, W. L., Krügler, D., Tatchen, J., et al. (2010). Vibronic coupling in indole: I. Theoretical description of the ¹La-¹Lb interaction and the electronic spectrum. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 12(19), 4968-4979. doi:10.1039/c001776k.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-F709-B
The properties of the three lowest singlet electronic states (ground, ¹Lb, and ¹La state) of indole (C₈H₇N) have been calculated with second-order approximate coupled-cluster theory (CC2) within
the resolution-of-the-identity approximation. Refined electronic energies at the CC2 optimized structures and transition dipole moments were calculated using a density-functional theory multireference configuration-interaction (DFT/MRCI) approach. Structures, energies, and dipole moments are reported for all three states and compared to experimental values. From the optimized structures and calculated transition dipole moments, we predict that pure ¹Lb bands will have positive signs for both the axis reorientation angle θT and the angle θ of the transition dipole moment with respect to the inertial a axis. For ¹La bands the signs of both angles will be reversed. Vibronically coupled bands can exhibit opposite signs for θ and θT. The absorption and emission spectra of indole are calculated based on the Franck-Condon Herzberg-Teller approximation using numerical transition dipole moment derivatives at the DFT/MRCI level of theory. Implications for the experimentally observed vibronic spectra are discussed. Predictions are made for rotationally resolved spectra of various rovibronic bands. A conical intersection, connecting the ¹Lb and ¹La states, which can be accessed to varying extents via different Herzberg-Teller active modes is found approximately 2000cm-1 above the ¹Lb minimum.