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Journal Article

Assessing the efficiency of first-principles basin-hopping sampling


Gehrke,  Ralf
Theory, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;


Reuter,  Karsten
Theory, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Gehrke, R., & Reuter, K. (2009). Assessing the efficiency of first-principles basin-hopping sampling. Physical Review B, 79(8), 085412-1-085412-10. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.79.085412.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-FA01-5
We present a systematic performance analysis of first-principles basin-hopping (BH) runs, with the target to identify all low-energy isomers of small Si and Cu clusters described within density-functional theory. As representative and widely employed move classes we focus on single-particle and collective moves, in which one or all atoms in the cluster at once are displaced in a random direction by some prescribed move distance, respectively. The analysis provides detailed insights into the bottlenecks and governing factors for the sampling efficiency, as well as simple rules of thumb for near-optimum move settings that are intriguingly independent of the distinctly different chemistry of Si and Cu. At corresponding settings, the observed performance of the BH algorithm employing two simple general-purpose move classes is already very good and for the small systems studied essentially limited by frequent revisits to a few dominant isomers.