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In-situ X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study of Catalyst−Support Interactions and Growth of Carbon Nanotube Forests

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Blume,  Raoul
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Knop-Gericke,  Axel
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mattevi, C., Wirth, C. T., Hofmann, S., Blume, R., Cantoro, M., Ducati, C., et al. (2008). In-situ X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study of Catalyst−Support Interactions and Growth of Carbon Nanotube Forests. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112(32), 12207-12213. doi:10.1021/jp802474g.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-FC22-9
Abstract
We study catalyst support interactions during chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotubes by in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy over a wide range of pressures. We observe Fe 2+ and 3+ interface states for metallic Fe on Al2O3 in the absence of measurable Al reduction. This support interaction is much stronger than that on SiO2, and it restricts Fe surface mobility. The resulting much narrower Fe catalyst particle size distribution on Al2O3 leads to a higher carbon nanotube nucleation density and a vertical nanotube alignment due to proximity effects. We record the growth kinetics of carbon nanotube forests by optical imaging to understand effects that contribute to growth termination.