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Bimetallic Gold/Palladium Catalysts: Correlation between Nanostructure and Synergistic Effects

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Wang,  Di
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Su,  Dang Sheng
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Wang, D., Villa, A., Porta, F., Prati, L., & Su, D. S. (2008). Bimetallic Gold/Palladium Catalysts: Correlation between Nanostructure and Synergistic Effects. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112(23), 8617-8622. doi:10.1021/jp800805e.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-FE8B-D
Abstract
Au nanoparticles are known to be a good catalyst or an effective promoter for a wide range of catalytic reactions. Bimetallic Au-Pd nanoparticles supported on activated carbon were synthesized following a twostep procedure: immobilization of Au sol onto activated carbon followed by immobilization of Pd(0). The catalysts showed superior activities compared to monometallic Pd or Au nanoparticles on the same support. A series of catalysts with Au:Pd ratios varying from 9.5:0.5 to 2:8 were prepared. These catalysts were characterized by TEM, HRTEM, EDX, and X-ray mapping techniques to obtain morphological information, particle size distributions, crystalline structure, and distribution of the two metals. Correlating with the result from catalytic tests of selective oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid, we found that the surface configuration of Pd monomers isolated by Au atoms has a substantial effect on activity and stability. The Au:Pd ratio on the surface of the particles is the key parameter and can be finely tuned to achieve optimal catalytic performance. The segregation or inhomogeneity of Pd weakens the synergistic effect of the bimetallic catalyst.