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Surface water assisted preferential CO oxidation on Pt/CeO2 catalyst

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Teschner,  Detre
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Kröhnert,  Jutta
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Jentoft,  Friederike C.
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Knop-Gericke,  Axel
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Pozdnyakova-Tellinger, O., Teschner, D., Kröhnert, J., Jentoft, F. C., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., et al. (2007). Surface water assisted preferential CO oxidation on Pt/CeO2 catalyst. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 111(14), 5426-5431. doi:10.1021/jp0669862.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-0212-D
Abstract
The production of clean hydrogen is a key requirement for a future hydrogen economy in general, and specifically, for the application of proton exchange membrane fuel cell(PEMFC). Here, we focus on one of the essential purification methods, the so-called “PROX” reaction, the preferential oxidation of traces of CO in a large hydrogen excess. Small platinum particles on a reducible support like ceria are effective to remove CO from hydrogen feed. The manuscript specifically addresses the mechanism of the PROX reaction on a Pt/CeO2 catalyst using in situ experimentation with time-resolved and temperature-dynamic Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Spectroscopy. Surface species (carbonates, formates, carbonyls, hydroxyls and adsorbed water) present under reaction conditions are identified, and correlations of their abundance with catalytic performance allow the discrimination between mechanistically relevant species (intermediates) and spectator species. The following scenario is proposed: hydrogen initially adsorbed on platinum spills over to the support, leading to ordered vacancy formation in the ceria bulk as well as hydroxylation and hydration of the surface. CO is mainly adsorbed in on-top orientation on metallic platinum. The linear relationship between the amount of adsorbed water (H2Oads) and the CO2 production indicates that the hydrated ceria supplied oxidizing agent at the metal/support interface reacting with the nearby surface carbonyls on the Pt particles leading to CO2 formation. Moreover, adsorbed water also blocks hydrogen oxidation because of desorption hindrance. From the correlations in the presented results, an intelligent PROX catalyst can be formulated, providing a guideline for future developments.