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Steam reforming of methanol over copper-containing catalysts: influence of support material on microkinetics

MPS-Authors
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Frank,  Benjamin
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Jentoft,  Friederike C.
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Soerijanto,  Hary
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Kröhnert,  Jutta
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Frank, B., Jentoft, F. C., Soerijanto, H., Kröhnert, J., Schlögl, R., & Schomäcker, R. (2007). Steam reforming of methanol over copper-containing catalysts: influence of support material on microkinetics. Journal of Catalysis, 246(1), 177-192. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2006.11.031.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-0218-1
Abstract
Steam reforming of methanol (SRM) was investigated over copper-containing catalysts supported on four different oxides and mixed oxides: Cu/ZnO/Al2O3, Cu/ZrO2/CeO2, Cu/SiO2 and Cu/Cr2O3/Fe2O3. After observing slight differences in the way of catalyst aging and experimental exclusion of mass transport limitation effects, a detailed kinetic study was carried out at 493 K. The dependence of the reaction rate on the molar ratio of methanol and water was determined as well as the influence of addition of inert nitrogen and the main reaction products hydrogen and carbon dioxide to the reactant mixture. Although there were remarkable differences in the catalytic activity of the samples, the main mechanistic steps reflected in the rate law appeared to be similar for all catalysts. The reaction rate is mainly determined by the methanol partial pressure, whereas water is not involved in the rate determining step, except over Cu/Cr2O3/Fe2O3, where several differences in the chemistry were observed. Hydrogen and carbon dioxide were found to inhibit the reaction. These results were confirmed by a DRIFTS study at 493 K using an equimolar reactant mixture and an excess of 4:1 of water and methanol, respectively. The same surface species could be identified on each catalyst but neither kinetic modelling nor the DRIFTS spectra could give a clear answer if the reaction pathway occurs via a dioxomethylene or a methyl formate species as intermediate. Similar activation energies of SRM confirm the assumption, that the surface chemistry of SRM over copper-based systems is independent of the catalyst support material.