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Charging Mechanisms of Trapped, Element-Selectively Excited Nanoparticles Exposed to Soft X Rays

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Lischke,  Toralf
Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Becker,  Uwe
Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Grimm, M., Langer, B., Schlemmer, S., Lischke, T., Becker, U., Widdra, W., et al. (2006). Charging Mechanisms of Trapped, Element-Selectively Excited Nanoparticles Exposed to Soft X Rays. Physical Review Letters, 96, 066801-1-066801-4. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.066801.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-0569-4
Abstract
The charging mechanisms of trapped, element-selectively excited free SiO₂ nanoparticles by soft X-rays are reported. The absolute charge state of the particles is measured and the electron emission probability is derived. Changes in electron emission processes as a function of photon energy and particle charge are obtained from the charging current. This allows us to distinguish contributions from primary photoelectrons, Auger electrons, and secondary electrons. Processes leading to no change in charge state after absorption of X-ray photons are identified, as well. O 1s-excited silica particles of low charge state indicate that the charging current follows the inner-shell absorption. In contrast, highly charged SiO₂ nanoparticles are efficiently charged by resonant Auger processes, whereas direct photoemission and normal Auger processes do not contribute to changes in particle charge.These results are discussed in terms of a simple electrostatic model.