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Epitaxial Iron Oxide Growth on Vicinal Pt(111): Well-defined defective model systems?


Ketteler,  Guido
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;


Ranke,  Wolfgang
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Ketteler, G., & Ranke, W. (2004). Epitaxial Iron Oxide Growth on Vicinal Pt(111): Well-defined defective model systems?. Poster presented at American Vacuum Society, 51st International Symposium, Anaheim, CA, USA.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-0B81-7
Heterogeneous catalysts consist often of metals in contact with oxides and the activity depends on the interaction between them. In addition, the defect structure of the surface is of high importance for the catalytic activity. The common electron-based surface science techniques allow the characterization of model catalyst surfaces with atomic precision. Studied model catalyst systems include single crystal surfaces, epitaxial compound films, or well-defined particles deposited on single-crystalline supports. However, real catalysts contains a defect structure which is difficult to model in a well-defined manner. In order to study the controlled introduction of defects into iron oxide model catalysts for the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene, we have grown different iron oxide phases on a stepped Pt(9 11 11) single crystal surface. The hope was that this may provide a way to introduce well-defined step defects into the epitaxially grown films. For coverages below 1 ML, FeO(111) films wet the vicinal Pt substrate. The step structure changes under formation of doubled and triplicated terrace widths and step heights. Further cycles of iron deposition and oxidation lead to a Stranski-Krastanov-type growth of Fe3O4(111) islands which initially are elongated along the edge direction. However, the morphology of a coalesced closed film is almost unaffected by the underlying substrate step morphology. High pressure oxidation of Fe3O4 films results in poorly defined Fe2O3(0001). Although FeO films grown on the vicinal Pt surface may serve as model systems for systematic studies of well-defined defective oxide surfaces, the catalytically more relevant Fe3O4 and Fe2O3 phases could not be obtained reproducibly with a well-defined defect structure.