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Journal Article

CO oxidation on Pt(111) – Scanning tunneling microscopy experiments and Monte Carlo simulations


Völkening,  Stephan
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;


Wintterlin,  Joost
Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Völkening, S., & Wintterlin, J. (2001). CO oxidation on Pt(111) – Scanning tunneling microscopy experiments and Monte Carlo simulations. Journal of Chemical Physics, 114(14), 6382-6395. doi:10.1063/1.1343836.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-1876-B
The catalytic reaction between adsorbed oxygen atoms and CO molecules on Pt(111) was investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy and modeled by Monte Carlo simulations. Experiments were performed by dosing preadsorbed Oad layers with CO between 237 and 274 K. Two stages were observed during dosing with CO, an initial reordering and compression of (2Å~2)Oad islands, and a subsequent shrinking of the islands by the reaction of Oad to give CO2. The reaction occurs exclusively at boundaries between (2Å~2)Oad and c(4Å~2)COad domains. The reaction order with respect to the oxygen coverage is 0.5; the reactivity of the boundary increases during the reaction. The Monte Carlo simulations included surface diffusion of Oad atoms, attractive interactions between Oad atoms, the Oad–COad reaction probability (with parameters from quantitative scanning tunneling microscopy measurements), adsorption/desorption of CO, and a high mobility of COad. The experimentally observed domain shapes, the reaction order of 0.5, and the increasing boundary reactivity could only be reproduced by additionally including an Oad coordination-dependent activation energy E of 25 meV per Oad neighbor that accounts for the attractive Oad–Oad interactions. The initial ordering stage could be modeled by incorporating an additional repulsive interaction between Oad and COad. The fact that no reaction occurs in the interior of the (2Å~2)Oad domains, although they are covered by a layer of interstitial COad molecules, is attributed to the crucial role of reactive Oad–COad configurations that only exist at the domain boundaries.