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Molybdenum oxide based partial oxidation catalysts: 1. thermally induced oxygen deficiency, elemental and structural heterogeneneity and the relation to catalytic performance

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Mestl,  Gerhard
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Gottschall,  Reiner
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Dieterle,  Martin
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Find,  Josef
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Herein,  Daniel
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Jäger,  J.
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Uchida,  Yuji
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mestl, G., Linsmeier, C., Gottschall, R., Dieterle, M., Find, J., Herein, D., et al. (2000). Molybdenum oxide based partial oxidation catalysts: 1. thermally induced oxygen deficiency, elemental and structural heterogeneneity and the relation to catalytic performance. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, 162, 463-492. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6TGM-41H9KCT-1C-1D&_cdi=5258&_user=28741&_orig=browse&_coverDate=11%2F20%2F2000&_sk=998379998&view=c&wchp=dGLbVtz-zSkWW&md5=839e9e80815df9d1ff3588cf46ff505a&ie=/sdarticle.pdf.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-1BB9-E
Abstract
A mixed oxide catalyst containing Mo, V, and W was used for the partial oxidation of methanol. The relation between the structure and the degree of reduction of this mixed oxide catalyst and its catalytic performance was investigated by SEM, TEM, EDX, Rutherford backscattering, XPS, ISS, UPS, XRD, and Raman microspectroscopy. Thermal activation of the MoVW mixed oxide led to an increase in the methanol conversion by a factor of three and an increase in selectivity to formaldehyde from 66% to 80%. SEM-EDX characterization of the untreated catalyst revealed the presence of at least two different phases in the sample on a micron range, one with a high V concentration, and another with all three metals present. TEM-EDX showed a homogeneous element distribution in the submicron regime. The thermally activated mixed oxide revealed an inhomogeneous element distribution in the micron and submicron regime as shown by SEM-EDX and TEM-EDX. The activation led to a reduction of the bulk oxide as determined by RBS and its surface as shown by XPS, ISS and UPS. The formation of Mo4+ and V4+ centers were detected at the catalyst surface upon thermal activation. XRD of the starting material showed the presence of nanocrystalline material which was identified as being a mixture of a majority of Mo5O14 and a minority of MoO3-type MoVW oxides. Confocal Raman microspectroscopy confirmed the presence of two different components. The major component could be identified as amorphous Mo5O14-type MoVW mixed oxide. The second, minor component was similar to an amorphous MoO3-type MoVW oxide. XRD showed that the thermally activated mixed oxide consisted of a mixture of a majority of crystalline Mo5O14-type oxide and of small amounts of crystalline MoO3-type and MoO2-type oxides. The Raman spectrum of the Mo5O14-type phase could be identified by statistical data evaluation of 1000 spectra and by comparison with the XRD result. Raman microscopy confirmed the presence of a minority of MoO3- and MoO2-type oxide. The formation of Mo5O14-type oxide upon loss of oxygen is discussed with respect to the remarkable increase in the catalytic activity and selectivity.