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Retrieval-Induced Forgetting and Executive Control

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Román, P. E., Soriano, M. F., & Bajo, M. T. (2010). Retrieval-Induced Forgetting and Executive Control. Psychological Science, 20(9), 1053-1058. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02415.x.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-2B6B-0
Abstract
Retrieving information from long-term memory can lead people to forget previously irrelevant related information. Some researchers have proposed that this retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) effect is mediated by inhibitory executive-control mechanisms recruited to overcome interference. We assessed whether inhibition in RIF depends on executive processes. The RIF effect observed in a standard retrieval-practice condition was compared to that observed in two different conditions in which participants had to perform two concurrent updating tasks that demanded executive attention. Whereas the usual RIF effect was observed when retrieval practice was performed singly, no evidence of forgetting was found in the dual-task conditions. Results strongly suggest that inhibition involved in RIF is the result of executive-control processes.