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Time resolved studies of H2+ dissociation with phase-stabilized laser pulses

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Fischer,  Bettina
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Dissertation_Bettina_Fischer.pdf
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Citation

Fischer, B. (2010). Time resolved studies of H2+ dissociation with phase-stabilized laser pulses. PhD Thesis, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, Heidelberg.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-7108-3
Abstract
In the course of this thesis, experimental studies on the dissociation of H2+ (H2+ -> p + H) in ultrashort laser pulses with a stabilized carrier-envelope phase (CEP) were carried out. In singlepulse measurements, the ability to control the emission direction of low energetic protons, i.e. the localization of the bound electron at one of the nuclei after dissociation, by the CEP was demonstrated. The coincident detection of the emitted protons and electrons and the measurement of their three-dimensional momentum vectors with a reaction microscope allowed to clarify the localization mechanism. Further control was achieved by a pump-control scheme with two timedelayed CEP-stabilized laser pulses. Here the neutral H2 molecule was ionized in the first pulse and dissociation was induced by the second pulse. Electron localization was shown to depend on the properties of the bound nuclear wave packet in H+2 at the time the control pulse is applied, demonstrating the ability to use the shape and dynamics of the nuclear wave packet as control parameters. Wave packet simulations were performed reproducing qualitatively the experimental results of the single and the two-pulse measurements. For both control schemes, intuitive models are presented, which qualitatively explain the main features of the obtained results.