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Quantenelektrodynamische Einflüsse auf die Lebensdauer metastabiler Zustände


Brenner,  Günter
Division Prof. Dr. Joachim H. Ullrich, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Brenner, G. (2007). Quantenelektrodynamische Einflüsse auf die Lebensdauer metastabiler Zustände. PhD Thesis, Ruprecht-Karls Universität, Heidelberg.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-7CB1-B
High-precision lifetime measurements of the metastable 1s^2 2s^2 2p ^2P_(3/2) level in boronlike Ar XIV and the 3s^2 2p ^2P_(3/2) level in aluminumlike Fe XIV were performed at the Heidelberg electron beam ion trap (HD-EBIT). The lifetimes were inferred by monitoring their optical decay curves resulting from the magnetic dipole (M1) transition 1s^2 2s^2 2p ^2P_(3/2)–^2P_(1/2) and 3s^2 3p ^2P_(3/2)–^2P_(1/2)to the ground state configuration with transition wavelengths of 441.256 nm and 530.29 nm, respectively. Possible systematic error sources were investigated by studying the dependence of the decay times of the curves on various trapping conditions with high statistical significance. A new trapping scheme for lifetime measurements at an EBIT has been applied and allowed to reach an unprecedented precision in the realm of lifetime determinations on highly charged ions. The results of 9.573(4)(+12/−5) ms (stat)(syst) for Ar XIV and 16.726(10)(+17) ms (stat)(syst) for Fe XIV with a relative accuracy of 0.14% and 0.13%, respectively, make these measurements for the first time sensitive to quantum electrodynamic effects like the electron anomalous magnetic moment (EAMM). The results, improving the accuracy of previous measurements by factors of 10 and 6, respectively, show a clear discrepancy of about 3 sigma and 4 sigma the trend of existing theoretical models, which in almost all cases predict a shorter lifetime, when adjusted for the EAMM. The obvious disagreement between experimental results and the predictions points at the incompleteness of the theoretical models used.