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An unidentified TeV source in the vicinity of Cygnus OB2

MPS-Authors
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Aharonian,  F.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Akhperjanian,  A.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Beilicke,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Bernlöhr,  K.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Bolz,  O.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Girma,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Hermann,  G.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Heusler,  A.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Hofmann,  W.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Horns,  D.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Jung,  I.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Kankanyan,  R.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Kohnle,  A.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Konopelko,  A.
Prof. Heinrich J. Völk, Emeriti, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Krawczynski,  H.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Lampeitl,  H.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Panter,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Plyasheshnikov,  A.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Pühlhofer,  G.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Rowell,  G. P.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Schilling,  M.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Völk,  H. J.
Prof. Heinrich J. Völk, Emeriti, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Wiedner,  C. A.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Wittek,  W.
Division Prof. Dr. Werner Hofmann, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A., Beilicke, M., Bernlöhr, K., Borst, H., Bojahr, H., et al. (2002). An unidentified TeV source in the vicinity of Cygnus OB2. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 393(2), L37-L40.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-8291-A
Abstract
Deep observation (similar to113 hrs) of the Cygnus region at TeV energies using the HEGRA stereoscopic system of air Cerenkov telescopes has serendipitously revealed a signal positionally inside the core of the OB association Cygnus OB2, at the edge of the 95% error circle of the EGRET source 3EG J2033+4118, and similar to0.5degrees north of Cyg X-3. The source centre of gravity is RA alpha(J2000): 20(hr)32(m)07(s) +/- 9.2(stat)(s) +/- 2.2(sys)(s), Dec delta(J2000): +41degrees30'30" +/- 2.0(stat)' +/- 0.4(sys)'. The source is steady, has a post-trial significance of +4.6sigma, indication for extension with radius 5.6' at the similar to3sigma level, and has a differential power-law flux with hard photon index of -1.9 +/- 0.3(stat) +/- 0.3(sys). The integral flux above 1 TeV amounts similar to3% that of the Crab. No counterpart for the TeV source at other wavelengths is presently identified, and its extension would disfavour an exclusive pulsar or AGN origin. If associated with Cygnus OB2, this dense concentration of young, massive stars provides an environment conducive to multi-TeV particle acceleration and likely subsequent interaction with a nearby gas cloud. Alternatively, one could envisage gamma-ray production via a jet-driven termination shock.