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Journal Article

Baryon number flow in high-energy collisions


Kopeliovich,  B. Z.
Prof. Bogdan Povh, Emeriti, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;


Povh,  B.
Prof. Bogdan Povh, Emeriti, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Garvey, G. T., Kopeliovich, B. Z., & Povh, B. (2001). Baryon number flow in high-energy collisions. Comments on Modern Physics, 2(5), A47-A67.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-8599-F
It is not obvious which partons in the proton carry its baryon number (BN). We present arguments that BN is associated with a specific topology of gluonic fields, rather than with the valence quarks. The BN distribution is easily confused with the difference between the quark and antiquark distributions. We argue, however, that they have quite different x-dependences. The distribution of BN asymmetry distribution is nearly constant at small x while q(x) - (q) over bar (x) infinity rootx. This constancy of BN produces energy independence of the (p) over barp annihilation cross section at high energies. Recent measurement of the baryon asymmetry at small x at HERA confirms this expectation. The BN asymmetry at mid-rapidities in heavy ion collisions is substantially enhanced by multiple interactions, as has been observed in recent experiments at the SPS. The same gluonic mechanism of BN stopping increases the production rate for cascade hyperons in a good accord with data. We expect nearly the same BN stopping in higher energy collisions at RHIC and LHC.