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Low-222Rn nitrogen gas generator for ultra-low background counting systems


Zuzel,  Grzegorz
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Wojcik, M., & Zuzel, G. (n.d.). Low-222Rn nitrogen gas generator for ultra-low background counting systems. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A. Retrieved from

A new stand-alone system for purification of boil-off nitrogen from 222Rn is described. The purification principle is based on the radon adsorption on charcoal at low temperatures (cryo-adsorption). The device can be attached to ordinary dewars, which are usually used for liquid nitrogen storage or transportation. The measured 222Rn concentration in unpurified boil-off nitrogen is in the range of 0.5 mBq/m3, while the unit described can supply ultralow background detectors (e.g. gamma spectrometers or dark matter detectors) with gaseous nitrogen of 222Rn specific activity lower by a factor ~40. The lowest concentration achieved was 12+-3 microBq/m3. Using a 100-l dewar it is possible to produce effectively at least 40m3 of highly pure gas with the available rate between 0.3 and 2.5m3/h. The nitrogen flux can be set by adjusting the power to an electrical heater placed inside the dewar