English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Journal Article

Determination of polar stratospheric cloud particle refractive indices by use of in situ optical measurements and T-matrix calculations

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons30799

Mauersberger,  Konrad
Prof. Konrad Mauersberger, Emeriti, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

/persons/resource/persons31012

Schreiner,  Jochen
Division Prof. Dr. Manfred Lindner, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

Locator
There are no locators available
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts available
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Scarchilli, C., Adriani, A., Cairo, F., Donfrancesco, G., Buontempo, C., Snels, M., et al. (2005). Determination of polar stratospheric cloud particle refractive indices by use of in situ optical measurements and T-matrix calculations. Applied Optics, 44(16), 3302-3311. Retrieved from http://ao.osa.org/abstract.cfm?id=83966.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0011-88D5-D
Abstract
A new algorithm to infer structural parameters such as refractive index and asphericity of cloud particles has been developed by use of in situ observations taken by a laser backscattersonde and an optical particle counter during balloon stratospheric flights. All three main particles, liquid, ice, and a no-ice solid (NAT, nitric acid trihydrate) of polar stratospheric clouds, were observed during two winter flights performed from Kiruna, Sweden. The technique is based on use of the T-matrix code developed for aspherical particles to calculate the backscattering coefficient and particle depolarizing properties on the basis of size distribution and concentration measurements. The results of the calculations are compared with observations to estimated refractive indices and particle asphericity. The method has also been used in cases when the liquid and solid phases coexist with comparable influence on the optical behavior of the cloud to estimate refractive indices. The main results prove that the index of refraction for NAT particles is in the range of 1.37-1.45 at 532 nm. Such particles would be slightly prolate spheroids. The calculated refractive indices for liquid and ice particles are 1.51-1.55 and 1.31-1.33, respectively. The results for solid particles confirm previous measurements taken in Antarctica during 1992 and obtained by a comparison of lidar and optical particle counter data.