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A preliminary three-dimensional global model study of atmospheric methyl chloride distributions


Brasseur,  Guy P.
The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Lee-Taylor, J. M., Brasseur, G. P., & Yokouchi, Y. (2001). A preliminary three-dimensional global model study of atmospheric methyl chloride distributions. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 106(D24), 34221-34233. doi:10.1029/2001JD900209.

A global three-dimensional atmospheric model of methyl chloride (CH3Cl) is presented. When incorporating known terrestrial and oceanic source terms, the tropospheric budget of CH3Cl is unbalanced. We show that a reduction in the atmospheric CH3Cl loss rate could account for the net budget discrepancy but fails to reproduce the observed latitudinal distribution. We rind that observed mixing ratios and latitudinal distributions can be reproduced by addition of a tropical terrestrial CH3Cl source of 2330-2430 Gg yr(-1) combined with a 50% reduction in the southeastern Asian biomass burning contribution. This is equivalent to a net source of 3800-3900 Gg yr(-1), slightly higher than previously estimated. The magnitude of additional emissions required to match observations is sensitive to their latitudinal distribution. We successfully simulate tropical land-bascd observations best when the added source is increased at the coasts relative to inland areas. Mixing ratios at remote sites are relatively insensitive to the finer details of the source parameterization.