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Condensed Matter > Quantum Gases

Title:Breaking of Goldstone modes in two component Bose-Einstein condensate

Abstract: We study the decay rate $\Gamma(k)$ of density excitations of two-component Bose-Einstein condensates at zero temperature. Those excitations, where the two components oscillate in phase, include the Goldstone mode resulting from condensation. While within Bogoliubov approximation the density sector and the spin (out-of-phase) sector are independent, they couple at the three-phonon level. For a Bose-Bose mixture we find that the Belyaev decay is slightly modified due to the coupling with the gapless spin mode. At the phase separation point the decay rate changes instead from the standard $k^5$ to a $k^{5/2}$ behaviour due to the parabolic nature of the spin mode. In presence of coherent coupling between the two components the spin sector is gapped and, away from the ferromagnetic-like phase transition point, the decay of density mode is not affected. On the other hand at the transition point, when the spin fluctuations become critical, the Goldstone mode is not well defined anymore since $\Gamma(k)\propto k$. As a consequence, we show that the friction induced by a moving impurity is enahnced -- a feature which could be experimentally tested. Our results apply to every non-linear 2-component quantum hydrodynamic Hamiltonian which is time-reversal invariant, and possesses an $U(1)\times {\mathbf Z}_2$ symmetry.
Subjects: Quantum Gases (cond-mat.quant-gas)
Journal reference: Phys. Rev. B 99, 064505 (2019)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.064505
Cite as: arXiv:1609.01954 [cond-mat.quant-gas]
  (or arXiv:1609.01954v1 [cond-mat.quant-gas] for this version)

Submission history

From: Alessio Recati [view email]
[v1] Wed, 7 Sep 2016 12:16:24 UTC (264 KB)