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  Humans can separately perceive distance, velocity and acceleration from vestibular stimulation

von der Heyde, M., Riecke, B., Cunningham, D., & Bülthoff, H. (2000). Humans can separately perceive distance, velocity and acceleration from vestibular stimulation. Poster presented at 3. Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz (TWK 2000), Tübingen, Germany.

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 Creators:
von der Heyde, M1, 2, Author           
Riecke, BE1, 2, Author           
Cunningham, DW1, 2, Author           
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: The vestibular system is known to measure changes in linear and angular position
changes in terms of acceleration. Can humans judge these vestibular signals as acceleration
and integrate them to reliably derive distance and velocity estimates?
Twelve blindfolded naive volunteers participated in a psychophysical experiment using a
Stewart-Platform motion simulator. The vestibular stimuli consisted of Gaussian-shaped
translatory or rotatory velocity profiles with a duration of less than 4 seconds. The full
two-factorial design covered 6 peak accelerations above threshold and 5 distances with 4
repetitions. In three separate blocks, the subjects were asked to verbally judge on a scale
from 1 to 100 the distance traveled or the angle turned, maximum velocity and maximum
acceleration.
Subjects judged the distance, velocity and acceleration quite consistently, but with systematic
errors. The distance estimates showed a linear scaling towards the mean response
and were independent of accelerations. The correlation of perceived and real velocity was
linear and showed no systematic influence of distances or accelerations. High accelerations
were drastically underestimated and accelerations close to threshold were overestimated,
showing a logarithmic dependency. Therefore, the judged acceleration was close
to the velocity judgment. There was no significant difference between translational and
angular movements.
Despite the fact that the vestibular system measures acceleration only, one can derive
peak velocity and traveled distance from it. Interestingly, even though maximum acceleration
was perceived non-linearly, velocity and distance judgments were linear.

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Language(s):
 Dates: 2000-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 165
 Degree: -

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Title: 3. Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz (TWK 2000)
Place of Event: Tübingen, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2000-02-25 - 2000-02-27

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Title: TWK 2000: Beiträge zur 3. Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Bülthoff, HH1, Editor           
Fahle, M, Editor           
Gegenfurtner, KR1, Editor           
Mallot, HA1, Editor           
Affiliations:
1 Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794            
Publ. Info: Kirchentellinsfurt, Germany : Knirsch
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 148 Identifier: ISBN: 3-927091-49-9