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  Enhanced sensitivity of the LIGO gravitational wave detector by using squeezed states of light

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Aasi, J., Abadie, J., Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., et al. (2013). Enhanced sensitivity of the LIGO gravitational wave detector by using squeezed states of light. Nature Photonics, 7(8), 613-619. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2013.177.

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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Author              
Aasi, J., Author
Abadie, J., Author
Abbott, B. P., Author
Abbott, R., Author
Abbott, T. D., Author
Abernathy, M. R., Author
Adams, C., Author
Adams, T., Author
Addesso, P., Author
Adhikari, R. X., Author
Affeldt, C.1, Author           
Aguiar, O. D., Author
Ajith, P., Author
Allen, B.2, Author           
Ceron, E. Amador, Author
Amariutei, D., Author
Anderson, S. B., Author
Anderson, W. G., Author
Arai, K., Author
Araya, M. C., AuthorArceneaux, C., AuthorAst, S.1, Author           Aston, S. M., AuthorAtkinson, D., AuthorAufmuth, P.1, Author           Aulbert, C.2, Author           Austin, L., AuthorAylott, B. E., AuthorBabak, S.3, Author           Baker, P. T., AuthorBallmer, S., AuthorBao, Y., AuthorBarayoga, J. C., AuthorBarker, D., AuthorBarr, B., AuthorBarsotti, L., AuthorBarton, M. A., AuthorBartos, I., AuthorBassiri, R., AuthorBatch, J., AuthorBauchrowitz, J.1, Author           Behnke, B.2, Author           Bell, A. S., AuthorBell, C., AuthorBergmann, G.1, AuthorBerliner, J. M., AuthorBertolini, A., AuthorBetzwieser, J., AuthorBeveridge, N., AuthorBeyersdorf, P. T., AuthorBhadbhade, T., AuthorBilenko, I. A., AuthorBillingsley, G., AuthorBirch, J., AuthorBiscans, S., AuthorBlack, E., AuthorBlackburn, J. K., AuthorBlackburn, L., AuthorBlair, D., AuthorBland, B., AuthorBock, O.2, Author           Bodiya, T. P., AuthorBogan, C.1, Author           Bond, C., AuthorBork, R., AuthorBorn, M.1, Author           Bose, S., AuthorBowers, J., AuthorBrady, P. R., AuthorBraginsky, V. B., AuthorBrau, J. E., AuthorBreyer, J.1, Author           Bridges, D. O., AuthorBrinkmann, M.1, Author           Britzger, M.1, Author           Brooks, A. F., AuthorBrown, D. A., AuthorBrown, D. D., AuthorBuckland, K., AuthorBrückner, F., AuthorBuchler, B. C., AuthorBuonanno, A.4, Author           Burguet-Castell, J., AuthorByer, R. L., AuthorCadonati, L., AuthorCamp, J. B., AuthorCampsie, P., AuthorCannon, K., AuthorCao, J., AuthorCapano, C. D., AuthorCarbone, L., AuthorCaride, S., AuthorCastiglia, A. D., AuthorCaudill, S., AuthorCavaglià, M., AuthorCepeda, C., AuthorChalermsongsak, T., AuthorChao, S., AuthorCharlton, P., AuthorChen, X., AuthorChen, Y., AuthorCho, H-S., AuthorChow, J. H., AuthorChristensen, N., AuthorChu, Q., AuthorChua, S. S. Y, AuthorChung, C. T. Y., AuthorCiani, G., AuthorClara, F., AuthorClark, D. E., AuthorClark, J. A., AuthorJunior, M. Constancio, AuthorCook, D., AuthorCorbitt, T. R., AuthorCordier, M., AuthorCornish, N., AuthorCorsi, A., AuthorCosta, C. A., AuthorCoughlin, M. W., AuthorCountryman, S., AuthorCouvares, P., AuthorCoward, D. M., AuthorCowart, M., AuthorCoyne, D. C., AuthorCraig, K., AuthorCreighton, J. D. E., AuthorCreighton, T. D., AuthorCumming, A., AuthorCunningham, L., AuthorDahl, K.1, Author           Damjanic, M.1, AuthorDanilishin, S. L., AuthorDanzmann, K.1, Author           Daudert, B., AuthorDaveloza, H., AuthorDavies, G. S., AuthorDaw, E. J., AuthorDayanga, T., AuthorDeleeuw, E., AuthorDenker, T.1, AuthorDent, T.2, AuthorDergachev, V., AuthorDeRosa, R., AuthorDeSalvo, R., AuthorDhurandhar, S., AuthorDi Palma, I.2, Author           Díaz, M., AuthorDietz, A., AuthorDonovan, F., AuthorDooley, K. L.1, AuthorDoravari, S., AuthorDrasco, S.3, Author           Drever, R. W. P., AuthorDriggers, J. C., AuthorDu, Z., AuthorDumas, J-C., AuthorDwyer, S., AuthorEberle, T.1, Author           Edwards, M., AuthorEffler, A., AuthorEhrens, P., AuthorEikenberry, S. S., AuthorEngel, R., AuthorEssick, R., AuthorEtzel, T., AuthorEvans, K., AuthorEvans, M., AuthorEvans, T., AuthorFactourovich, M., AuthorFairhurst, S., AuthorFang, Q., AuthorFarr, B. F., AuthorFarr, W., AuthorFavata, M., AuthorFazi, D., AuthorFehrmann, H.2, Author           Feldbaum, D., AuthorFinn, L. S., AuthorFisher, R. P., AuthorFoley, S., AuthorForsi, E., AuthorFotopoulos, N., AuthorFrede, M.1, Author           Frei, M. A., AuthorFrei, Z., AuthorFreise, A., AuthorFrey, R., AuthorFricke , T. T.1, AuthorFriedrich , D., AuthorFritschel, P., AuthorFrolov, V. V., AuthorFujimoto, M-K., AuthorFulda, P. J., AuthorFyffe, M., AuthorGair, J., AuthorGarcia, J., AuthorGehrels, N., AuthorGelencser, G., AuthorGergely, L. Á., AuthorGhosh, S., AuthorGiaime, J. A., AuthorGiampanis, S., AuthorGiardina, K. D., AuthorGil-Casanova, S., AuthorGill, C., AuthorGleason, J., AuthorGoetz, E.1, Author           González, G., AuthorGordon, N., AuthorGorodetsky, M. L., AuthorGossan, S., AuthorGoßler, S.1, Author           Graef, C.1, Author           Graff, P. B., AuthorGrant, A., AuthorGras, S., AuthorGray, C., AuthorGreenhalgh, R. J. S., AuthorGretarsson, A. M., AuthorGriffo, C., AuthorGrote, H.1, Author           Grover, K., AuthorGrunewald, S.3, Author           Guido, C., AuthorGustafson, E. K., AuthorGustafson, R., AuthorHammer, D., AuthorHammond, G., AuthorHanks, J., AuthorHanna, C., AuthorHanson, J., AuthorHaris, K., AuthorHarms, J., AuthorHarry, G. M., AuthorHarry, I. W., AuthorHarstad, E. D., AuthorHartman, M. T., AuthorHaughian, K., AuthorHayama, K., AuthorHeefner, J., AuthorHeintze, M. C., AuthorHendry, M. A., AuthorHeng, I. S., AuthorHeptonstall, A. W., AuthorHeurs, M.1, Author           Hewitson, M.2, Author           Hild, S., AuthorHoak, D., AuthorHodge, K. A., AuthorHolt, K., AuthorHoltrop, M., AuthorHong, T., AuthorHooper, S., AuthorHough, J., AuthorHowell, E. J., AuthorHuang, V., AuthorHuerta, E. A., AuthorHughey, B., AuthorHuttner, S. H., AuthorHuynh, M., AuthorHuynh-Dinh, T., AuthorIngram, D. R., AuthorInta, R., AuthorIsogai, T., AuthorIvanov, A., AuthorIyer, B. R., AuthorIzumi, K., AuthorJacobson, M., AuthorJames, E., AuthorJang, H., AuthorJang, Y. J., AuthorJesse, E., AuthorJohnson, W. W., AuthorJones, D., AuthorJones, D. I., AuthorJones, R., AuthorJu, L., AuthorKalmus, P., AuthorKalogera, V., AuthorKandhasamy, S., AuthorKang, G., AuthorKanner, J. B., AuthorKasturi, R., AuthorKatsavounidis, E., AuthorKatzman, W., AuthorKaufer, H.1, Author           Kawabe, K., AuthorKawamura, S., AuthorKawazoe, F.1, Author           Keitel, D.1, Author           Kelley, D. B., AuthorKells, W., AuthorKeppel, D.2, Author           Khalaidovski, A.1, Author           Khalili, F. Y., AuthorKhazanov, E. A., AuthorKim, B. K., AuthorKim, C., AuthorKim, K., AuthorKim, N., AuthorKim, Y-M., AuthorKing, P. J., AuthorKinzel, D. L., AuthorKissel, J. S., AuthorKlimenko, S., AuthorKline, J., AuthorKokeyama, K., AuthorKondrashov, V., AuthorKoranda, S., AuthorKorth, W. Z., AuthorKozak, D., AuthorKozameh, C., AuthorKremin, A., AuthorKringel, V.1, Author           Krishnan, B.3, Author           Kucharczyk, C., AuthorKuehn, G.1, Author           Kumar, P., AuthorKumar, R., AuthorKuper, B. J., AuthorKurdyumov, R., AuthorKwee, P., AuthorLam, P. K., AuthorLandry, M., AuthorLantz, B., AuthorLasky, P. D., AuthorLawrie, C., AuthorLazzarini, A., AuthorLe Roux, A., AuthorLeaci, P.1, Author           Lee, C-H., AuthorLee, H. K., AuthorLee, H. M., AuthorLee, J., AuthorLeong, J. R.2, Author           Levine, B., AuthorLhuillier, V., AuthorLin, A. C., AuthorLitvine, V., AuthorLiu, Y., AuthorLiu, Z., AuthorLockerbie, N. A., AuthorLodhia, D., AuthorLoew, K., AuthorLogue, J., AuthorLombardi, A. L., AuthorLormand, M., AuthorLough, J., AuthorLubinski, M., AuthorLück, H.1, Author           Lundgren, A. P.2, AuthorMacarthur, J., AuthorMacdonald, E., AuthorMachenschalk, B.2, Author           MacInnis, M., AuthorMacleod, D. M., AuthorMagaña-Sandoval, F., AuthorMageswaran, M., AuthorMailand, K., AuthorManca, G.3, AuthorMandel, I., AuthorMandic, V., AuthorMárka, S., AuthorMárka, Z., AuthorMarkosyan, A. S., AuthorMaros, E., AuthorMartin, I. W., AuthorMartin, R. M., AuthorMartinov, D., AuthorMarx, J. N., AuthorMason, K., AuthorMatichard, F., AuthorMatone, L., AuthorMatzner, R. A., AuthorMavalvala, N., AuthorMay, G., AuthorMazzolo, G.2, Author           McAuley, K., AuthorMcCarthy, R., AuthorMcClelland, D. E., AuthorMcGuire, S. C., AuthorMcIntyre, G., AuthorMcIver, J., AuthorMeadors, G. D., AuthorMehmet, M.1, Author           Meier, T.1, Author           Melatos, A., AuthorMendell, G., AuthorMercer, R. A., AuthorMeshkov, S., AuthorMessenger, C., AuthorMeyer, M. S., AuthorMiao, H., AuthorMiller, J., AuthorMingarelli, C. M. F., AuthorMitra, S., AuthorMitrofanov, V. P., AuthorMitselmakher, G., AuthorMittleman, R., AuthorMoe, B., AuthorMokler, F.1, AuthorMohapatra, S. R. P., AuthorMoraru, D., AuthorMoreno, G., AuthorMori, T., AuthorMorriss, S. R., AuthorMossavi, K.1, Author           Mow-Lowry, C. M.1, AuthorMueller, C. L., AuthorMueller, G., AuthorMukherjee, S., AuthorMullavey, A., AuthorMunch, J., AuthorMurphy, D., AuthorMurray, P. G., AuthorMytidis, A., AuthorKumar, D. Nanda, AuthorNash, T., AuthorNayak, R., AuthorNecula, V., AuthorNewton, G., AuthorNguyen, T., AuthorNishida, E., AuthorNishizawa, A., AuthorNitz, A., AuthorNolting, D., AuthorNormandin, M. E., AuthorNuttall, L. K., AuthorO'Dell, J., AuthorO'Reilly, B., AuthorO'Shaughnessy, R., AuthorOchsner, E., AuthorOelker, E., AuthorOgin, G. H., AuthorOh, J. J., AuthorOh, S. H., AuthorOhme, F., AuthorOppermann, P.1, AuthorOsthelder, C., AuthorOtt, C. D., AuthorOttaway, D. J., AuthorOttens, R. S., AuthorOu, J., AuthorOvermier, H., AuthorOwen, B. J., AuthorPadilla, C., AuthorPai, A., AuthorPan, Y., AuthorPankow, C., AuthorPapa, M. A.3, Author           Paris, H., AuthorParkinson, W., AuthorPedraza, M., AuthorPenn, S., AuthorPeralta, C.3, Author           Perreca, A., AuthorPhelps, M., AuthorPickenpack, M.1, Author           Pierro, V., AuthorPinto, I. M., AuthorPitkin, M., AuthorPletsch, H. J.2, Author           Pöld, J.1, Author           Postiglione, F., AuthorPoux, C., AuthorPredoi, V., AuthorPrestegard, T., AuthorPrice, L. R., AuthorPrijatelj, M.1, Author           Privitera, S., AuthorProkhorov, L. G., AuthorPuncken, O., AuthorQuetschke, V., AuthorQuintero, E., AuthorQuitzow-James, R., AuthorRaab, F. J., AuthorRadkins, H., AuthorRaffai, P., AuthorRaja, S., AuthorRakhmanov, M., AuthorRamet, C., AuthorRaymond, V., AuthorReed, C. M., AuthorReed, T., AuthorReid, S., AuthorReitze, D. H., AuthorRiesen, R., AuthorRiles, K., AuthorRoberts, M., AuthorRobertson, N. A., AuthorRobinson, E. L.3, Author           Roddy, S., AuthorRodriguez, C., AuthorRodriguez, L., AuthorRodruck, M., AuthorRollins, J. G., AuthorRomie, J. H., AuthorRöver, C., AuthorRowan, S., AuthorRüdiger, A., AuthorRyan, K., AuthorSalemi, F.2, Author           Sammut, L., AuthorSandberg, V., AuthorSanders, J., AuthorSankar, S., AuthorSannibale, V., AuthorSantamaría, L., AuthorSantiago-Prieto, I., AuthorSantostasi, G., AuthorSathyaprakash, B. S., AuthorSaulson, P. R., AuthorSavage, R. L., AuthorSchilling, R.1, Author           Schnabel, R.1, Author           Schofield, R. M. S., AuthorSchuette, D.1, AuthorSchulz, B., AuthorSchutz, B. F.3, Author           Schwinberg, P., AuthorScott, J., AuthorScott, S. M., AuthorSeifert, F., AuthorSellers, D., AuthorSengupta, A. S., AuthorSergeev, A., AuthorShaddock, D. A., AuthorShahriar, M. S., AuthorShaltev, M.2, Author           Shao, Z., AuthorShapiro, B., AuthorShawhan, P., AuthorShoemaker, D. H., AuthorSidery, T. L., AuthorSiemens, X., AuthorSigg, D., AuthorSimakov, D.1, AuthorSinger, A., AuthorSinger, L., AuthorSintes, A. M., AuthorSkelton, G. R., AuthorSlagmolen, B. J. J, AuthorSlutsky, J.5, AuthorSmith, J. R., AuthorSmith, M. R., AuthorSmith, R. J. E., AuthorSmith-Lefebvre, N. D., AuthorSon, E. J., AuthorSorazu, B., AuthorSouradeep, T., AuthorStefszky, M., AuthorSteinert, E., AuthorSteinlechner, J.5, AuthorSteinlechner, S.1, Author           Steplewski, S., AuthorStevens, D., AuthorStochino, A., AuthorStone, R., AuthorStrain, K. A., AuthorStrigin, S. E., AuthorStroeer, A. S., AuthorStuver, A. L., AuthorSummerscales, T. Z., AuthorSusmithan, S., AuthorSutton, P. J., AuthorSzeifert, G., AuthorTalukder, D., AuthorTanner, D. B., AuthorTarabrin, S. P.1, Author           Taylor, R., AuthorThomas, M., AuthorThomas, P., AuthorThorne, K. A., AuthorThorne, K. S., AuthorThrane, E., AuthorTiwari, V., AuthorTokmakov, K. V., AuthorTomlinson, C., AuthorTorres, C. V., AuthorTorrie, C. I., AuthorTraylor, G., AuthorTse, M., AuthorUgolini, D., AuthorUnnikrishnan, C. S., AuthorVahlbruch, H.1, Author           Vallisneri, M., Authorvan der Sluys, M. V., Authorvan Veggel, A. A., AuthorVass, S., AuthorVaulin, R., AuthorVecchio, A., AuthorVeitch, P. J., AuthorVeitch, J., AuthorVenkateswara, K., AuthorVerma, S., AuthorVincent-Finley, R., AuthorVitale, S., AuthorVo, T., AuthorVorvick, C., AuthorVousden, W. D., AuthorVyatchanin, S. P., AuthorWade, A., AuthorWade, L., AuthorWade, M., AuthorWaldman, S. J., AuthorWallace, L., AuthorWan, Y., AuthorWang, M., AuthorWang, J., AuthorWang, X., AuthorWanner, A.1, Author           Ward, R. L., AuthorWas, M.5, AuthorWeinert, M.1, Author           Weinstein, A. J., AuthorWeiss, R., AuthorWelborn, T., AuthorWen, L., AuthorWessels, P.5, AuthorWest, M., AuthorWestphal, T.1, Author           Wette, K.2, Author           Whelan, J. T., AuthorWhitcomb, S. E., AuthorWiseman, A. G., AuthorWhite, D. J., AuthorWhiting, B. F., AuthorWiesner, K.5, AuthorWilkinson, C., AuthorWillems, P. A., AuthorWilliams, L., AuthorWilliams, R., AuthorWilliams, T., AuthorWillis, J. L., AuthorWillke, B.1, Author           Wimmer, M.1, AuthorWinkelmann, L.1, Author           Winkler, W.1, Author           Wipf, C. C., AuthorWittel, H.1, Author           Woan, G., AuthorWooley, R., AuthorWorden, J., AuthorYablon, J., AuthorYakushin, I., AuthorYamamoto, H., AuthorYancey, C. C., AuthorYang, H., AuthorYeaton-Massey, D., AuthorYoshida, S., AuthorYum, H., AuthorZanolin, M., AuthorZhang, F., AuthorZhang, L., AuthorZhao, C., AuthorZhu, H., AuthorZhu, X. J., AuthorZotov, N., AuthorZweizig, M. E., AuthorZucker , J., Author more..
Affiliations:
1Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24010              
2Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24011              
3Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24013              
4Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1933290              
5AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, ou_24009              

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Free keywords: Quantum Physics, quant-ph, Physics, Optics, physics.optics
 Abstract: Nearly a century after Einstein first predicted the existence of
gravitational waves, a global network of earth-based gravitational wave
observatories is seeking to directly detect this faint radiation using
precision laser interferometry. Photon shot noise, due to the quantum nature of
light, imposes a fundamental limit on the attometer level sensitivity of the
kilometer-scale Michelson interferometers deployed for this task. Here we
inject squeezed states to improve the performance of one of the detectors of
the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) beyond the
quantum noise limit, most notably in the frequency region down to 150 Hz,
critically important for several astrophysical sources, with no deterioration
of performance observed at any frequency. With the injection of squeezed
states, this LIGO detector demonstrated the best broadband sensitivity to
gravitational waves ever achieved, with important implications for observing
the gravitational wave Uni- verse with unprecedented sensitivity.

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 Dates: 2013-10-012013
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: Nature Photonics
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (8) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 613 - 619 Identifier: ISSN: 1749-4885
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000240270