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  Simultaneous EEG-fMRI brain signatures of auditory cue utilization

Scharinger, M., Herrmann, B., Nierhaus, T., & Obleser, J. (2014). Simultaneous EEG-fMRI brain signatures of auditory cue utilization. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8: 137. doi:10.3389/fnins.2014.00137.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0019-851A-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-7C9F-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Scharinger, Mathias1, Author              
Herrmann, Björn1, Author              
Nierhaus, Till2, Author              
Obleser, Jonas1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Auditory Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_751545              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              

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Free keywords: Audition; Categorization; Cue weighting; Spectro-temporal information; Alpha suppression; Attention
 Abstract: Optimal utilization of acoustic cues during auditory categorization is a vital skill, particularly when informative cues become occluded or degraded. Consequently, the acoustic environment requires flexible choosing and switching amongst available cues. The present study targets the brain functions underlying such changes in cue utilization. Participants performed a categorization task with immediate feedback on acoustic stimuli from two categories that varied in duration and spectral properties, while we simultaneously recorded Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent (BOLD) responses in fMRI and electroencephalograms (EEGs). In the first half of the experiment, categories could be best discriminated by spectral properties. Halfway through the experiment, spectral degradation rendered the stimulus duration the more informative cue. Behaviorally, degradation decreased the likelihood of utilizing spectral cues. Spectrally degrading the acoustic signal led to increased alpha power compared to nondegraded stimuli. The EEG-informed fMRI analyses revealed that alpha power correlated with BOLD changes in inferior parietal cortex and right posterior superior temporal gyrus (including planum temporale). In both areas, spectral degradation led to a weaker coupling of BOLD response to behavioral utilization of the spectral cue. These data provide converging evidence from behavioral modeling, electrophysiology, and hemodynamics that (a) increased alpha power mediates the inhibition of uninformative (here spectral) stimulus features, and that (b) the parietal attention network supports optimal cue utilization in auditory categorization. The results highlight the complex cortical processing of auditory categorization under realistic listening challenges.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-02-242014-05-172014-06-04
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2014.00137
PMID: 24926232
PMC: PMC4044900
Other: eCollection 2014
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Title: Frontiers in Neuroscience
  Other : Front Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 Sequence Number: 137 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1662-4548
ISSN: 1662-453X
CoNE: /journals/resource/1662-4548