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  Temporal dynamics of contingency extraction from tonal and verbal auditory sequences

Bendixen, A., Schwartze, M., & Kotz, S. A. (2015). Temporal dynamics of contingency extraction from tonal and verbal auditory sequences. Brain and Language, 148, 64-73. doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2014.11.009.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-7117-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-7967-2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Bendixen, Alexandra1, 2, Author
Schwartze, Michael3, 4, Author              
Kotz, Sonja A.3, 4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Auditory Psychophysiology Lab, Cluster of Excellence “Hearing4all”, Department of Psychology, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Institute of Psychology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
4Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              

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Free keywords: Predictive coding; Regularity; Deviance detection; Mismatch negativity (MMN); Contingency learning; Event-related potential (ERP); Brain activity; Speech; Language
 Abstract: Consecutive sound events are often to some degree predictive of each other. Here we investigated the brain’s capacity to detect contingencies between consecutive sounds by means of electroencephalography (EEG) during passive listening. Contingencies were embedded either within tonal or verbal stimuli. Contingency extraction was measured indirectly via the elicitation of the mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the event-related potential (ERP) by contingency violations. MMN results indicate that structurally identical forms of predictability can be extracted from both tonal and verbal stimuli. We also found similar generators to underlie the processing of contingency violations across stimulus types, as well as similar performance in an active-listening follow-up test. However, the process of passive contingency extraction was considerably slower (twice as many rule exemplars were needed) for verbal than for tonal stimuli These results suggest caution in transferring findings on complex predictive regularity processing obtained with tonal stimuli directly to the speech domain.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-11-152014-12-122015-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.bandl.2014.11.009
PMID: 25512177
Other: Epub 2014
 Degree: -

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Title: Brain and Language
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, Fla. : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 148 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 64 - 73 Identifier: ISSN: 0093-934X
CoNE: /journals/resource/954922647078