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  Modeling real shim fields for very high degree (and order) B0 shimming of the human brain at 9.4 T

Chang, P., Nassirpour, S., & Henning, A. (2018). Modeling real shim fields for very high degree (and order) B0 shimming of the human brain at 9.4 T. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 79(1), 529-540. doi:10.1002/mrm.26658.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-7D37-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-7D38-5
Genre: Journal Article

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Chang, P1, 2, 3, Author              
Nassirpour, S2, 3, Author              
Henning, A1, 2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department High-Field Magnetic Resonance, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497796              
2Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528692              
3Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Purpose To describe the process of calibrating a B0 shim system using high-degree (or high order) spherical harmonic models of the measured shim fields, to provide a method that considers amplitude dependency of these models, and to show the advantage of very high-degree B0 shimming for whole-brain and single-slice applications at 9.4 Tesla (T). Methods An insert shim with up to fourth and partial fifth/sixth degree (order) spherical harmonics was used with a Siemens 9.4T scanner. Each shim field was measured and modeled as input for the shimming algorithm. Optimal shim currents can therefore be calculated in a single iteration. A range of shim currents was used in the modeling to account for possible amplitude nonlinearities. The modeled shim fields were used to compare different degrees of whole-brain B0 shimming on healthy subjects. Results The ideal shim fields did not correctly shim the subject brains. However, using the modeled shim fields improved the B0 homogeneity from 55.1 (second degree) to 44.68 Hz (partial fifth/sixth degree) on the whole brains of 9 healthy volunteers, with a total applied current of 0.77 and 6.8 A, respectively. Conclusions The necessity of calibrating the shim system was shown. Better B0 homogeneity drastically reduces signal dropout and distortions for echo-planar imaging, and significantly improves the linewidths of MR spectroscopy imaging.

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 Dates: 2018-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/mrm.26658
BibTex Citekey: ChangNH2017
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Title: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 79 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 529 - 540 Identifier: -