English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe

Jeong, C., Wilkin, S., Amgalantugs, T., Bouwman, A. S., Taylor, W. T. T., Hagan, R., et al. (2018). Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(48), E11248-E11255. doi:10.1073/pnas.1813608115.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-8380-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-9439-6
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
shh1120.pdf (Publisher version), 4MB
Name:
shh1120.pdf
Description:
OA
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Jeong, Choongwon1, Author              
Wilkin, Shevan2, Author              
Amgalantugs, Tsend, Author
Bouwman, Abigail S., Author
Taylor, William Timothy Treal2, Author              
Hagan, Richard3, Author              
Bromage, Sabri, Author
Tsolmon, Soninkhishig, Author
Trachsel, Christian, Author
Grossmann, Jonas, Author
Littleton, Judith, Author
Makarewicz, Cheryl A., Author
Krigbaum, John, Author
Burri Promerová, Marta3, Author              
Scott, Ashley3, Author              
Davaasambuu, Ganmaa, Author
Wright, Joshua, Author
Irmer, Franziska2, Author              
Myagmar, Erdene, Author
Boivin, Nicole L.2, Author              
Robbeets, Martine1, Author              Rühli, Frank J., AuthorKrause, Johannes3, Author              Frohlich, Bruno, AuthorHendy, Jessica2, Author              Warinner, Christina G.4, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2301699              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
3Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
4Kostbare Kulturen, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2591692              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Since the Bronze Age, pastoralism has been a dominant subsistence mode on the Western steppe, but the origins of this tradition on the Eastern steppe are poorly understood. Here we investigate a putative early pastoralist population in northern Mongolia and find that dairy production was established on the Eastern steppe by 1300 BCE. Milk proteins preserved in dental calculus indicate an early focus on Western domesticated ruminants rather than local species, but genetic ancestry analysis indicates minimal admixture with Western steppe herders, suggesting that dairy pastoralism was introduced through adoption by local hunter-gatherers rather than population replacement.Recent paleogenomic studies have shown that migrations of Western steppe herders (WSH) beginning in the Eneolithic (ca. 3300–}2700 BCE) profoundly transformed the genes and cultures of Europe and central Asia. Compared with Europe, however, the eastern extent of this WSH expansion is not well defined. Here we present genomic and proteomic data from 22 directly dated Late Bronze Age burials putatively associated with early pastoralism in northern Mongolia (ca. 1380{–975 BCE). Genome-wide analysis reveals that they are largely descended from a population represented by Early Bronze Age hunter-gatherers in the Baikal region, with only a limited contribution (˜7%) of WSH ancestry. At the same time, however, mass spectrometry analysis of dental calculus provides direct protein evidence of bovine, sheep, and goat milk consumption in seven of nine individuals. No individuals showed molecular evidence of lactase persistence, and only one individual exhibited evidence of gt;10% WSH ancestry, despite the presence of WSH populations in the nearby Altai-Sayan region for more than a millennium. Unlike the spread of Neolithic farming in Europe and the expansion of Bronze Age pastoralism on the Western steppe, our results indicate that ruminant dairy pastoralism was adopted on the Eastern steppe by local hunter-gatherers through a process of cultural transmission and minimal genetic exchange with outside groups.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-11-05
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 8
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1813608115
Other: shh1120
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show hide
Project name : DAIRYCULTURES
Grant ID : 804884
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
Project name : EURASIA3ANGLE
Grant ID : 646612
Funding program : Horizon 2020 (H2020)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  Other : Proc. Acad. Sci. USA
  Other : Proc. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
  Other : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA
  Abbreviation : PNAS
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : National Academy of Sciences
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 115 (48) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: E11248 - E11255 Identifier: ISSN: 0027-8424
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925427230