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  Do we predict upcoming speech content in naturalistic environments?

Heyselaar, E., Peeters, D., & Hagoort, P. (2021). Do we predict upcoming speech content in naturalistic environments? Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 36(4), 440-461. doi:10.1080/23273798.2020.1859568.

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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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 Creators:
Heyselaar, Evelien1, 2, Author              
Peeters, David1, 3, 4, Author              
Hagoort, Peter1, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Neurobiology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Nijmegen, NL, ou_792551              
2Radboud University Nijmegen, External Organizations, ou_3055479              
3Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, External Organizations, ou_55236              
4Tilburg University, Tilburg,NL, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: The ability to predict upcoming actions is a hallmark of cognition. It remains unclear, however, whether the predictive behaviour observed in controlled lab environments generalises to rich, everyday settings. In four virtual reality experiments, we tested whether a well-established marker of linguistic prediction (anticipatory eye movements) replicated when increasing the naturalness of the paradigm by means of immersing participants in naturalistic scenes (Experiment 1), increasing the number of distractor objects (Experiment 2), modifying the proportion of predictable noun-referents (Experiment 3), and manipulating the location of referents relative to the joint attentional space (Experiment 4). Robust anticipatory eye movements were observed for Experiments 1–3. The anticipatory effect disappeared, however, in Experiment 4. Our findings suggest that predictive processing occurs in everyday communication if the referents are situated in the joint attentional space. Methodologically, our study confirms that ecological validity and experimental control may go hand-in-hand in the study of human predictive behaviour.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-10-272020-12-172021-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2020.1859568
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Title: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 36 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 440 - 461 Identifier: Other: ISSN
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2327-3798