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  Analysis and contextualization of potential protohistoric petroglyphs at the Kalasha valley of Birir in Chitral.

Zahir, M. (2020). Analysis and contextualization of potential protohistoric petroglyphs at the Kalasha valley of Birir in Chitral. Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (Pakistan), XXVIII(2), 35-60.

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 Creators:
Zahir, Muhammad1, Author              
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1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Birir Valley, Chitral Archaeology, Kalasha, Protohistoric Cemeteries, Stippling Technique
 Abstract: Petroglyphs were discovered in the Birir valley of district Chitral, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, on an ancient route connecting the Kalasha valleys with Nuristan, lower Chitral and Central Asia. The petroglyphs were engraved on a solitary schist stone. The rock, with associated structures, occupies a strategic location in the landscape, possibly representing a hunting outpost. The petroglyphs consist of 29 figures, including human, animal, geometric and indistinct figures. These figures seem to have been created through the use of a metal stylus/burin. The figures were produced through the percussion method, utilizing a stippling technique. The depiction of a dog, a goat and stylized human figures suggest a possible link to the subsistence and hunting strategies of the protohistoric people in the region. Based upon the limited archaeological knowledge of the region, the present petroglyph site may tentatively be dated to the 1st millennium BCE.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 27
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Archaeological research in Chitral and Kalasha valleys
The Birir petroglyphs
Contextualization of the Birir petroglyphs
Stupa petroglyphs in Chitral
Wild or domestic sheep and goat, and human figures
Comparisons with Birir petroglyphs
Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: Other: shh2899
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Title: Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (Pakistan)
  Abbreviation : JHSS
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Ebsco Host
Pages: - Volume / Issue: XXVIII (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 35 - 60 Identifier: ISSN: 1024-0829
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1024-0829