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  Fine-scale map reveals highly variable recombination rates associated with genomic features in the European blackcap

Bascón-Cardozo, K., Bours, A., Manthey, G., Pruisscher, P., Durieux, G., Dutheil, J. Y., et al. (submitted). Fine-scale map reveals highly variable recombination rates associated with genomic features in the European blackcap.

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 Creators:
Bascón-Cardozo, Karen1, 2, Author           
Bours, Andrea2, 3, Author           
Manthey, Georg4, Author           
Pruisscher, Peter, Author
Durieux, Gillian5, Author           
Dutheil, Julien Y.6, Author           
Odenthal-Hesse, Linda1, Author           
Liedvogel, Miriam5, Author           
Affiliations:
1Research Group Meiotic Recombination and Genome Instability, Department Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_2355693              
2IMPRS for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_1445639              
3Max Planck Research Group: Behavioral Genetics / Tanimoto, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society, ou_1113555              
4Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_971545              
5Max Planck Research Group Behavioural Genomics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_2129640              
6Research Group Molecular Systems Evolution, Department Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_2068287              

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Free keywords: historical recombination rates, bird genome, transposable elements, CpG islands, regulatory elements, population genomics
 Abstract: Recombination is responsible for breaking up haplotypes, influencing genetic variability, and the efficacy of selection. Bird genomes lack the protein PRDM9, a key determinant of recombination dynamics in most metazoans. The historical recombination maps in birds show an apparent stasis in the positioning of recombination events. This highly conserved recombination pattern over long timescales should constrain the evolution of recombination in birds, but extensive variation in recombination rate across the genome and between different species has been reported. Here, we characterise a fine-scale historical recombination map of an iconic migratory songbird, the European blackcap (Sylvia atricapilla) using a LD-based approach which accounts for population demography. We found variable recombination rates among and within chromosomes, which associate positively with nucleotide diversity and GC content, and a negatively with chromosome size. The recombination rates increased significantly at regulatory regions and not necessarily at high-dense gene regions. CpG islands associated strongly with recombination rates; however, their specific position and local DNA methylation patterns likely influenced this relationship. The association with retrotransposons varied according to specific family and location. Our results also provide evidence of a heterogeneous conservation of recombination maps between the blackcap and its closest sister taxon, the garden warbler at the intra-chromosomal level. These findings highlight the considerable variability of recombination rates at different scales and the role of specific genomic features at shaping this variation. This study opens the possibility of further investigating the impact of recombination in specific population-genomic features.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2022-06-03
 Publication Status: Submitted
 Pages: 24
 Publishing info: Authorea
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.22541/au.165423614.49331155/v1
 Degree: -

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