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Journal Article

Commuting Simplicity and Closure Constraints for 4D Spin Foam Models


Han,  Muxin
Quantum Gravity & Unified Theories, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Han, M., & Thiemann, T. (2013). Commuting Simplicity and Closure Constraints for 4D Spin Foam Models. Classical and quantum gravity, 30(23): 235024. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/30/23/235024.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-F6DC-3
Spin Foam Models are supposed to be discretised path integrals for quantum gravity constructed from the Plebanski-Holst action. The reason for there being several models currently under consideration is that no consensus has been reached for how to implement the simplicity constraints. Indeed, none of these models strictly follows from the original path integral with commuting B fields, rather, by some non standard manipulations one always ends up with non commuting B fields and the simplicity constraints become in fact anomalous which is the source for there being several inequivalent strategies to circumvent the associated problems. In this article, we construct a new Euclidian Spin Foam Model which is constructed by standard methods from the Plebanski-Holst path integral with commuting B fields discretised on a 4D simplicial complex. The resulting model differs from the current ones in several aspects, one of them being that the closure constraint needs special care. Only when dropping the closure constraint by hand and only in the large spin limit can the vertex amplitudes of this model be related to those of the FK Model but even then the face and edge amplitude differ. Curiously, an ad hoc non-commutative deformation of the $B^{IJ}$ variables leads from our new model to the Barrett-Crane Model in the case of Barbero-Immirzi parameter goes to infinity.