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The 2.5 Å Structure of CD1c in Complex with a Mycobacterial Lipid Reveals an Open Groove Ideally Suited for Diverse Antigen Presentation

MPG-Autoren
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Garzón,  Diana
Max Planck Research Group of Theoretical Molecular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Faraldo-Gómez,  José D.
Max Planck Research Group of Theoretical Molecular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Scharf, L., Li, N.-S., Hawk, A. J., Garzón, D., Zhang, T., Fox, L. M., et al. (2010). The 2.5 Å Structure of CD1c in Complex with a Mycobacterial Lipid Reveals an Open Groove Ideally Suited for Diverse Antigen Presentation. Immunity, 33, 853-862.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-D707-A
Zusammenfassung
CD1 molecules function to present lipid-based antigens to T cells. Here we present the crystal structure of CD1c at 2.5 Å resolution, in complex with the pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen mannosyl-b1-phosphomycoketide (MPM). CD1c accommodated MPM’s methylated alkyl chain exclusively in the A0 pocket, aided by a unique exit portal underneath the a1 helix. Most striking was an open F0 pocket architecture lacking the closed cavity structure of other CD1 molecules, reminiscent of peptide binding grooves of classical major histocompatibility complex molecules. This feature, combined with tryptophan-fluorescence quenching during loading of a dodecameric lipopeptide antigen, provides a compelling model by which both the lipid and peptide moieties of the lipopeptide are involved in CD1c presentation of lipopeptides