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Wildlife Crime: Why Do Local Communities Poach?


Hübschle,  Annette
Soziologie des Marktes, MPI for the Study of Societies, Max Planck Society;
University of Cape Town, South Africa;

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Hübschle, A. (2016). Wildlife Crime: Why Do Local Communities Poach? Analyzing Organized Crime Blog, (published online May 23).

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-1A01-4
In discussions around southern Africa’s wildlife crime challenges, is usually assumed that there is a high degree of engagement by communities that live adjacent to national parks. Common wisdom suggests that this is predominantly for economic reasons, but a recent research study undertaken by Global Initiative member Annette Hübschle-Finch suggests that motivations vary in communities adjacent to the Kruger National Park. Her granular analysis, which included interviews with poachers and community members between 2012-15, shows that communities that live either inside or on the edge of national parks do not form homogenous groups of people that consists of both poachers and villagers who all benefit equally from rhino poaching, and that a more nuanced approach is needed.
Cuando se habla sobre los desafíos que representan los delitos contra la vida silvestre en el sur de Africa, generalmente se asume que existe una gran participación de las comunidades adyacentes a los parques nacionales. La sabiduría popular indicaría que esto se debe principalmente a razones económicas, pero un estudio reciente de uno de nuestros miembros, Annette Hübschle-Finch, muestra que en las comunidades cercanas al Parque Nacional Kruger las motivaciones varían. Su análisis granular, que incluye entrevistas a cazadores furtivos y miembros de las comunidades entre 2012-15, deja ver que las comunidades que viven tanto dentro como en los límites de parques nacionales no conforman grupos homogéneos consistentes tanto de cazadores como de pobladores que se benefician en igual medida de la caza ilegal de rinocerontes, y que es necesario aplicar una estrategia con más matices.