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Journal Article

Caveolin-1 deficiency alters plasma lipid and lipoprotein profiles in mice

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Kurzchalia,  Teymuras V
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Simons,  Kai
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Heimerl, S., Liebisch, G., Lay, S. L., Bottcher, A., Wiesner, P., Lindtner, S., et al. (2008). Caveolin-1 deficiency alters plasma lipid and lipoprotein profiles in mice. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 367(4), 826-833.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-0DEE-6
Abstract
Caveolae are specialized membrane microdomains formed as the result of local accumulation of cholesterol, glycosphingolipids, and the structural protein caveolin-1 (Cav-1). To further elucidate the role of Cav-1 in lipid homeostasis in-vivo, we analyzed fasting and post-prandial plasma from Cav-1 deficient mice on low or on high fat diet. In total plasma analysis, an increase in ceramide and hexosylceramide was observed. In cholesteryl ester (CE), we found an increased saturated+monounsaturated/polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio in fasting plasma of low fat fed Cav-1(-/-) mice with increased proportions of CE16:1, CE18:1, CE20:3, and decreased proportions of CE18:2 and CE22:6. Under high fat diet HDL-CE, free cholesterol and pre-beta-HDL were increased accompanied by a shift from slow to fast migrating alpha-HDL and expansion of apoE containing HDL. Our results demonstrate a significant role of Cav-1 in HDL-cholesterol metabolism and may reflect a variety of Cav-1 functions including modulation of ACAT activity and SR-BI function.