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Polar confinement of a macromolecular machine by an SRP-type GTPase


Bange,  Gert       
Max Planck Fellow Molecular Physiology of Microbes, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Max Planck Society;

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Dornes, A., Schmidt, L. M., Mais, C.-N., Hook, J. C., Pané-Farré, J., Kressler, D., et al. (2024). Polar confinement of a macromolecular machine by an SRP-type GTPase. bioRxiv: the preprint server for biology, 2024.04.02.587688.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-000F-2278-4
The SRP-type GTPase FlhF, along with its regulator FlhG, orchestrates the localization and quantity of flagella in bacteria. Our study reveals that FlhF anchors developing flagellar structures to the polar landmark protein HubP/FimV, thereby restricting their formation to the cell pole. Specifically, the GTPase domain of FlhF interacts with HubP, while an as-yet-uncharacterized structured domain at the N-terminus of FlhF binds to FliG. This FlhF-bound FliG subsequently engages with the MS-ring protein FliF, but not with the C-ring proteins FliM/FliN. Consequently, FlhF’s interaction with HubP/FliG recruits a functional FliF/FliG complex to the pole, while FlhG’s modulation of FlhF controls FliG’s interaction with FliM/FliN, thereby regulating the progression of flagellar assembly at the pole.Significance statement Flagella serve as bacterial locomotion organelles, with their number and location, known as the flagellation pattern, being species-specific and among the earliest taxonomic criteria in microbiology. Bacteria replicate their flagellation pattern with each cell division. Flagella localization and abundance depends on the SRP-type GTPase FlhF, together with its regulator FlhG. Our study clarifies the mechanism through which FlhF coordinates the polar positioning of the flagellum, working in tandem with the polar landmark protein HubP and aiding in the assembly of flagellar MS-ring/C-ring components at the cellular pole.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.